Recently, law students received the following hypothetical to answer: “Ms. Angel Booth has phoned you, Ms./Mr. Associate, and said, “Hi, this is Angel Booth and I want to set up a will because I want to completely disinherit my daughter.” What is your response?” After getting rid of the “deer-in-headlights” look, the students came up with a myriad of answers. Yet and unfortunately, this isn’t an uncommon scenario and for valid reasons. Furthermore, this occurs not just between parents and children, but between as many relationship pairings as you can think of. Still, this scenario goes to reason number 1.
Using a will is a tenuous proposition at best if you’re trying to disinherit an heir. Admittedly, I’m being a tad hyperbolic, because it can work – after a lengthy court battle involving lawyers, doctors, and a ton o’ family members. To disinherit an immediate heir, in Illinois, using a standalone will where the value of the estate is more than $100,000 in personal or real property will beg for a contest and bye-bye goes a large portion of the estate – in probate litigation.
Mamma Mega Millions Marries Gorgeous. Yes, you’ve been smitten by the most gorgeous, decades younger, individual walking the planet. You’ve worked your petooty off as a single mother, put your children and your siblings through university, and now want to enjoy the million-dollar fruits of your labor with Gorgeous in the bounds of matrimony. You will probably be advised to have an airtight prenuptial agreement. You also want a will prepared, but a will that leaves most of those millions to Gorgeous will shout, “Probate Litigation!” and siblings, children, BFFs, third cousins, you name it will probably shout back with claims against the estate.
Grandpa Disses Daughter-in-Law. So, while it can’t be proven that she murdered your dearly departed son, you, Grandpa, just don’t agree on anything with your daughter-in-law about your grandchildren. In your opinion, she isn’t parenting the way your loving son would have. Still, you’ve saved about $30,000 that you want the children, ages 7 and 8 to have upon your death. I previously wrote about the imprudence of leaving substantial financial gifts outright to minors. This is another example. In Illinois, if a minor receives a substantive gift, e.g., more than $10,000, the funds must be transferred into a restricted vehicle for the minor whereby the guardian or custodian is given control. Typically, the guardian or custodian is an adult member of the minor’s family, i.e., Dastardly Daughter-in-Law or a trust company. Thirty-thousand dollars isn’t usually sufficient for a trust company; thus, DDIL will likely gain control over the $30,000.
Calling Dr. Cooper. Finally, setting aside seedy scenarios, let’s consider Dr. Amy Cooper. She has a thriving practice with three other doctors and has started accumulating a substantive portfolio. She doesn’t mind paying her fair share of taxes, but doesn’t want her beneficiaries to pay more than their fair share either. Leaving everything outright to her partner and children in a will, however, results in the very thing she doesn’t want.