Many people probably know that Congress made permanent the Federal estate tax, which is $5 million, indexed for inflation, per person and $10 million per married couple. This means that approximately 98% of Americans will not have taxable estates on their deaths with respect to the government’s estate tax.
A sigh of relief for many families could be heard across the land. However, folks shouldn’t sigh too heavily because the same matters that existed before for individuals and families were not eliminated by Congress’s act.
So the following are 5 issues that have nothing to do with the federal estate tax but are still very important to protecting yourself and your family:
- You have children. Even families with modest-sized estates should ensure that their children are cared for according to their wishes and values if a tragedy occurs. Minor and disabled children are of primary concern. I’ve written before that without a will that nominates a guardian, minor or disabled children may be placed with someone a parent would consider less than ideal. Beyond that, consider retirement proceeds. If a minor or even young adult child is the beneficiary on a retirement account, depending on the language of that account, Uncle Sam may still take a large bite or equally troubling, a relatively young adult may come into a large sum of money in one fell swoop.
- You aren’t married BUT you are in a loving committed relationship with someone. So that means your significant other or partner, while being able to benefit from your lifetime exemption, cannot benefit from portability. Also, the same issue with respect to retirement proceeds as mentioned above also apply in this scenario. If your unmarried in the eyes of the federal or state government but you and your partner have a child, just bring the issues of number one right on down.
- You are a professional or small business (smallbiz) owner. Unfortunately, we Americans are a litigious bunch. If we believe we have suffered an injury related to professional services, e.g., doctor, lawyer, dentist, or a small business, then many of us have no problem pursuing litigation that will cost much more than the malpractice insurance covers. Estate taxes have little or nothing to do with covering your assets from multimillion dollar litigation.
- You have income producing assets. The federal government and many state governments tax beneficiaries on 2 levels: estate and income. If your daughter’s trust has income producing assets, such as the 3-flat apartment building you gave her, then there is a likelihood that the trust will have to pay income tax. How much depends on how well your team works to protect you. Still, like number 3, this has nothing to do with estate taxes.
- You live in a “decoupled” state. Some states are “coupled” with the Federal estate tax regime, meaning their state’s lifetime estate tax exemption is identical to the Federal government’s. However 28 states are decoupled, and most of those states, unlike Illinois, have a significantly lower estate tax exemption amount. So that means that while estate tax may not be due to Uncle Sam, it may be due to Uncle Quinn – Illinois’ governor, for example.
Estate taxes were a primary focus of estate planning because no one likes paying taxes. Well, estate taxes are no longer a primary focus and those other issues still need to be considered, just like they did before December 31, 2012.